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For 65% off with HelloFresh plus FREE shipping, use code PALEOANALYSIS65 at 🤍 Intro 0:00 The Carboniferous Globe 1:44 Sharks Claim the Sea 4:58 Swamp Monsters and Giant Bugs 7:41 Breaking Ties to the Water 13:45 Carboniferous Rainforest Collapse 16:55 #historyoftheearth #eon #epoch #geology #paleoanalysis #stemmammal #carboniferous Moving forward through time, we now come to a very important and interesting chapter in the history of life. The Carboniferous is a time when the land was truly fully populated for the first time with plants and animals. As a global rainforest spread across the world and our tetrapod ancestors had to contend with massive bugs super charged by the high oxygen atmosphere. Check out My Linktree to join me on social media!: 🤍 Most of my music has been provided by MehoDrums. If you enjoy any of the tunes in my background or into, check out some of his other stuff and contact him if you want to have him compose some stuff for you! 🤍 Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
Carboniferous is also known as the age of amphibians, it was more humid and tropical than our present-day climate. Freshwater wetlands increased and formed vast swamp forests. Fossil remains show that air-breathing arthropods. Land snails first appeared and dragonflies and mayflies diversified. As the land habitats dried, animals evolved ways of adapting to the arid environments. The amniotic egg enabled early tetrapods to break free of the bonds to aquatic habitats for reproduction. If you want to help me with my utip account : 🤍 Sources and more informations : Essexella - 🤍 Zaphrentoides - 🤍 Siphonophyllia - 🤍 Syringopora - 🤍 Archimedes - 🤍 Productus - 🤍 Fossundecima - 🤍 Vestinautilus - 🤍 Goniatites - 🤍 Straparollus - 🤍 Conocardium - 🤍 Dunbarella - 🤍 Woodocrinus - 🤍 Pentrmites - 🤍 Xyloiulus - 🤍 Archegonus - 🤍 Hesslerides - 🤍 Euproops - 🤍 Archimylacris - 🤍 Pleophrynus - 🤍 Tealliocaris - 🤍 Falcatus - 🤍 Echinochimaera - 🤍 Belantsea - 🤍 Discoserra - 🤍 Megalocephalus - 🤍 Pederpes - 🤍 Watcheeria - 🤍 Crassigyrinus - 🤍 Balanerpeton - 🤍 Branchiosaurus - 🤍 Phlegethontia - 🤍 Amphibamus - 🤍 Microbrahis - 🤍 Proterogyrinus - 🤍 Westlothiana - 🤍 Paleothyris - 🤍 Spinoaequalis - 🤍 Ophiacodon - 🤍 Music, Dreamer by Hazy cinematic Thumbnail : Mark Witton 0:00 Carboniferous conditions 1:57 Invertebrates 11:32 Arthropods 14:44 Vertebrates
The Carboniferous was an odd time as a whole, but the Late Carboniferous was really whacky and a nightmare for most people. This was a time saturated with giant insects such as the Meganeura, as well as some serious creepy crawlies like Arthropleura, a massive millipede. It was also an extremely swampy time filled to the brim with bizarre plants, making this one of the most unrecognizable times in Earth's history. Buying coffees helps the channel improve! - ko-fi.com/extinctzoo - Thumbnail: Image Illustrated by Vitor Silva. Obtained from 🤍 Eurwentala 🤍 🤍 🤍 king-ghidorah 🤍 fel05 🤍 🤍bektion.com ABelov2014 🤍 - All other media was obtained using fair use, permission, or creative commons. Copyright Disclaimer under Section 107 of the copyright act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favour of fair use. Information Sources: 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍
PBS Member Stations rely on viewers like you. To support your local station, go to 🤍 ↓ More info below ↓ Check out Animal Wonders! 🤍 The Carboniferous Rainforest Collapse set the stage for a takeover that would be a crucial turning point in the history of terrestrial animal life. If it weren’t for that time when the rainforests collapsed - in an extinction event that you probably haven’t heard of - our ancestors might never have made it out of the swamps. Thank you to these paleoartists for allowing us to use their wonderful illustrations: Fabrizio de Rossi: 🤍 Julio Lacerda: 🤍 Franz Anthony: 🤍 Nobu Tamura: 🤍 Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: 🤍 Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible: Anthony Callaghan, Anton Bryl, Jeff Graham, shelley floryd, Laura Sanborn, Henrik Peteri, Zachary Spencer, Chandler Bass, Joao Ascensao, Andrey, Ben Thorson, Robert Amling, Marcus Lejon, Ilya Murashov, Nathan Paskett, Jerrit Erickson, Merri Snaidman, David Sewall, Gabriel Cortez, Jack Arbuckle, Kevin Griffin, Robert Noah, Philip Slingerland, Todd Dittman, James Bording, Eric Vonk, Robert Arévalo, Esmeralda Rupp-Spangle, Jon Monteiro, MissyElliottSmith, Jonathan Wright, Gregory Donovan, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, PS, Maria Humphrey, Larry Wilson, Hubert Rady, John Vanek, Tsee Lee, Daisuke Goto, Gregory Kintz, Matt Parker, Tyson Cleary, Case Hill, Stefan Weber, Betsy Radley If you'd like to support the channel, head over to 🤍 and pledge for some cool rewards! Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - 🤍 Twitter - 🤍 Instagram - 🤍 References: 🤍
The Carboniferous Period (358- 299 Million years ago) was the time of large invertebrates, which were able to grow to those sizes thanks to the high level of oxygen the atmosphere had at the time. Tetrapods diversified in this period. the first Diapsids and Synapsids separated and will evolve in more different animals later in the following Permian period Prints, T-Shirts and more here: 🤍 Instagram:🤍 mariolanzarensis Music: Portal Trip - Asher Fulero includes sound effect from: 🤍 FEATURED TAXA: Gerarus, Tullimonstrum. Harpagofututor, Brachydectes, Petrolacosaurus, Iberospondylus, Mazothairos, Megarachne, Meganeura, Iniopteryx, Ianthasaurus, Pulmonoscorpius, Platyhystrix, Arthropleura, Proterogyrinus, Hibberopterus, Crassigyrinus, Orthacanthus, Rayonnoceras, Eogyrinus, Rhizodus, Edestus, Campyloprion
PBS Member Stations rely on viewers like you. To support your local station, go to 🤍 ↓ More info below ↓ Learn more about The Great Courses Plus* here: 🤍 Insects outnumber humans by a lot and we only like to think we're in charge because we're bigger than they are. But insects and other arthropods weren’t always so small. About 315 million years ago during the Carboniferous Period, they were not only abundant: they were enormous. Thanks to Lucas Lima, and Studio 252mya for their illustrations. You can find more of Lucas's work here: 🤍 Produced for PBS Digital Studios. Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - 🤍 Twitter - 🤍 Instagram - 🤍 References: 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 *The Great Courses Plus is currently available to watch through a web browser to almost anyone in the world and optimized for the US market. The Great Courses Plus is currently working to both optimize the product globally and accept credit card payments globally.
Take a trip back with me to the forests of the Carboniferous period 300 million years ago. The Carboniferous was a time when the world was covered by swampy forests that stretched across all the continents. These forests would eventually become the vast coal deposits which humans started to burn for energy *much* later in the future. The Carboniferous period was also when tetrapods evolved the amniotic egg, allowing them to lay eggs on land. It's currently in alpha state and I'm not sure if the developers are still working on it. You can download it here: 🤍 Sorry for my spastic movements. The mouse control doesn't really encourage smooth movement and I also have a tendency to look at my surroundings rapidly. I did my best to mitigate it.
When did Pangea form? What mountains built during the formation of Pangea? How did Pangea affect climate and sea level? Continents colliding near the south pole in the Carboniferous period underwent major glaciation. This Carboniferous glaciation marked the greatest ice age of the Phanerozoic Eon (or the past 500 million years)! Coal swamps characterisitic of the Carboniferous period dried up in the Permian due to increased aridity as Pangea formed. There were two main ways that Pangea caused dryness: 1) much of the land was far away from the ocean, and 2) Pangea'c crust was very thick due to all the conintent-continent collisions, which prevented epicontinental seas from transgressing onto the continents. The dissappearance of the coal swamps led to less organic C burial and therefore increased atmospheric CO2, causing global warming. This global warming brought the Carboniferous ice age to an end. In terms of tectonics, the Appalachians continued to form along the margin of Euramerica (previously Laurentia) as plates continued colliding with it during the Alleghenian Orogeny, which followed the Taconic and Acadian Orogeny. The Ouchita Orogeny also occurred at this time as a southwestward extension of the Appalchian mountain building collisions. The Ancestral Rockies also formed due to forces associated with the Ouchita orogeny during the late Carboniferous. These mountains caused a rain shadow to their west, leading to large evaporite deposits across that region. The western margin of Eurameria was also undergoing mountain building with the Sonoma orogeny starting in the Late Permian and continuing into the Triassic. References: Earth System History: 🤍 GEO GIRL Website: 🤍 (visit my website to see all my courses, shop merch, learn more about me, and donate to support the channel if you'd like!) Studying for an exam? Schedule Tutoring with me: 🤍 Hey there, Earth enthusiast! Check my favorite Earth-friendly products: Bamboo toilet paper: 🤍 Bamboo paper towels: 🤍 Compostable tableware: 🤍 Compostable trash bags: 🤍 Bamboo cutlery + straw! : 🤍 Eco-Friendly Tote (great for grocery shopping!): 🤍 Reusable straws + cleaning brushes (my fav!): 🤍 Eco-friendly laundry detergent: 🤍 Directly offset your carbon footprint with Wren: 🤍 (Just click link, press get started, take the free C footprint quiz, then choose how much you want to reduce your footprint by donating to the C sequestration projects they're funding!) Non-textbook books I recommend: Oxygen by D. Canfield: 🤍 Brief history of Earth by A. Knoll: 🤍 Life on young planet by A. Knoll: 🤍 Some assembly required by N. Shubin: 🤍 Your inner fish by N. Shubin: 🤍 Oxygen by N. Lane: 🤍 Alien Oceans by K. Hand: 🤍 Life's Engines: 🤍 Tools I use as a geologist/teacher/student: Geology field notebook: 🤍 Geology rock hammer: 🤍 Geological compass: 🤍 Geological hand lens: 🤍 Camera: 🤍 Carbon-neutral pencil bag: 🤍 Carbon-neutral backpack: 🤍 0:00 Late Paleozoic Geology Summary 2:14 Building Pangea 3:47 Ice Age & Extinctions 4:54 Carboniferous Coal Swamps 6:55 Alleghenian Orogeny 10:00 Ouachita Orogeny 11:52 Ancestral Rockies 13:02 Coal Cyclothems 15:47 Permian Basin 17:51 Sonoma Orogeny 19:29 Summary & Related Content Disclaimer: Links included in this description might be affiliate links. If you purchase a product or service with the links that I provide I may receive a small commission, but there is no additional charge to you! Thank you for supporting my channel so I can continue to provide you with free content each week! And as always, let me know your topic suggestions in the comments down below!
If I have used artwork that belongs to you but have neglected to credit it this will just be because I was unable to find one. If this has happened please contact me and I will add a credit. Some Art work has been altered for the purposes of bettering them for video format; these alterations were done independent from the artists who created the original work, so they are not responsible for any inaccuracies. if there are any. To support me on Patreon (thank you): 🤍 To donate to my PayPal (thank you): 🤍 To buy merchandise: 🤍 Email: mothlightmedia🤍outlook.com Creatures came on to land in the Devonian but in the carboniferous is when they made the adaptations to take permanent residence. At the end of the period there was a change from the old to the new were the giant arthropods started to diminish and the vertebrates’ took over as the dominant creatures Sources: 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍
PBS Member Stations rely on viewers like you. To support your local station, go to 🤍 ↓ More info below ↓ Fossil fuels are made from the remains of extinct organisms that have been exposed to millions of years of heat and pressure. But in the case of coal, these organisms consisted largely of some downright bizarre plants that once covered the Earth, from Colorado to China. Produced for PBS Digital Studios. Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - 🤍 Twitter - 🤍 Instagram - 🤍 References: 🤍 🤍 Taylor, Edith L; Krings, Michael; Taylor, Thomas N, Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants, Academic Press, 2nd Ed, 2008 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍
During the Middle Paleozoic Era, the supercontinent Pangea formed, glaciers expanded leading to the largest ice age of the Phanerozoic Eon (the last ~600 million years), sea level fell, and insects became giant! The cause of of this ice age was likely due to increased continental weathering, leading to C burial and global cooling. Evidence for this ice age is found in the rock record as glacial deposits across the continents that were connected as Pangea at the time, and as isotope signatures within certain deposits that indicate the extent of global cooling at this time. The ice age caused Mass Extinctions among all major marine animals, which made the later Permian Extinction even more devastating. The increase in C burial that caused the ice age also caused gigantic insects to evolve due to higher oxygen content in the atmosphere. After the ice age, global warming set in which eventually led to the greatest extinction of all time at the end of the Permian period, which marks the end of the Paleozoic Era and the beginning of the Mesozoic Era, bringing in the Age of Dinosaurs. References: Earth System History: 🤍 GEO GIRL Website: 🤍 (visit my website to see all my courses, shop merch, learn more about me, and donate to support the channel if you'd like!) Studying for an exam? Schedule Tutoring with me: 🤍 Hey there, Earth enthusiast! Check my favorite Earth-friendly products: Bamboo toilet paper: 🤍 Bamboo paper towels: 🤍 Compostable tableware: 🤍 Compostable trash bags: 🤍 Bamboo cutlery + straw! : 🤍 Eco-Friendly Tote (great for grocery shopping!): 🤍 Reusable straws + cleaning brushes (my fav!): 🤍 Eco-friendly laundry detergent: 🤍 Directly offset your carbon footprint with Wren: 🤍 (Just click link, press get started, take the free C footprint quiz, then choose how much you want to reduce your footprint by donating to the C sequestration projects they're funding!) Non-textbook books I recommend: Oxygen by D. Canfield: 🤍 Brief history of Earth by A. Knoll: 🤍 Life on young planet by A. Knoll: 🤍 Some assembly required by N. Shubin: 🤍 Your inner fish by N. Shubin: 🤍 Oxygen by N. Lane: 🤍 Alien Oceans by K. Hand: 🤍 Life's Engines: 🤍 Tools I use as a geologist/teacher/student: Geology field notebook: 🤍 Geology rock hammer: 🤍 Geological compass: 🤍 Geological hand lens: 🤍 Camera: 🤍 Carbon-neutral pencil bag: 🤍 Carbon-neutral backpack: 🤍 0:00 Geologic timing 1:06 Beginning of Pangea & Ice Age 1:48 Sea level & Climate of Ice Age 3:00 Cause of Ice Age 4:33 Evidence for Ice Age 6:37 Mass Extinction caused by Ice Age 8:29 Giant insects 9:22 Global Warming after Ice Age 12:29 Related videos & references Disclaimer: Links included in this description might be affiliate links. If you purchase a product or service with the links that I provide I may receive a small commission, but there is no additional charge to you! Thank you for supporting my channel so I can continue to provide you with free content each week! And as always, let me know your topic suggestions in the comments down below!
Invertebrate Paleontology and Paleobotany is a graduate level course in paleontology at Utah State University, which covers the major groups of marine invertebrates, fossil plants, and the important techniques and tools used in the field of paleontology. It covers ichnology, fossil preservation, taphonomy, ontogeny, cladistics, biostratigraphy, paleoecology, extinction and evolutionary rates, and many other tools used by professional paleontologists in the study of fossils and their importance in the field of geology. Course lectures are produced and broadcast from the Uintah Basin Campus in Vernal, Utah. If you like more information about the course and becoming a student at Utah State University check out this website: 🤍
You can donate to #teamtrees by going to 🤍 or click the donate button. 100% of the money you donate with the button goes to the Arbor Day Foundation who will be planting the trees. Most of the coal on earth was created during a single short period of geological history 300 million years ago. It's called the carboniferous period. Find out why coal production stopped so abruptly. CORRECTIONS So this video was quite rushed because I wanted to get it out in time for the #teamtrees launch. Here are a couple of things I got wrong: Not ALL coal was made during the carboniferous period. There exists some younger coal here and there that formed under rare conditions that enabled it in spite of the presence of capable fungi. I did film myself saying that but it was lost it my rushed edit. Photosynthesis is more complicated than I described. It involves water for a start. And it seems that the oxygen released during photosynthesis comes from the H₂O not the CO₂. Though I haven't be able to verify that. And here's a non-correction! The thing I was holding up at the start was not charcoal. It was a coal dust briquette. You could argue that the briquette was made recently but the coal it's made of is old! So yeah, the thrust of the video still stands but it's been a learning opportunity for me! A final thought on planting trees for carbon capture. A lot of comments saying "what's the point? When the trees die the decomposers will release the CO₂ back into the atmosphere. But really this is more about planting *forests*. In a forest, when a tree dies, another tree grows in its place recapturing the carbon. But also, it's my understanding that it takes a very long time to release the CO₂. Like hundreds of years. So in terms of tackling climate change which is a problem of human time scales, it's a useful endeavour. You can support me on Patreon here: 🤍 just like these amazing people: Glenn Watson Peter Turner Joël van der Loo Matthew Cocke Mark Brouwer Deneb Twitter: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍 Buy nerdy maths things: 🤍
The Legacy of the Carboniferous Ed Clifton An insightful examination of the Carboniferous Period – a critical period in animal evolution that set the stage for not only humans, but most of the terrestrial animals extant today. 🤍 🤍 Great Valley Museum 🤍 Modesto Junior College Giving Day 2020 Modesto Area Partners in Science (MAPS) 🤍 Modesto Junior College Giving Day 2020 Great Valley Museum - Rotating Exhibits 🤍 For information on MAPS, visit 🤍mjc.edu/instruction/sme/maps.php
Walking With Monsters - Remastered Soundtrack It's taking me a while to get these tracks ready for here so the next one may not come out instantly. (This is an updated version of a file with the same name I uploaded a couple of years ago with clearer audio and overall better quality. I've done my best to keep the quality as high as possible as well as remove any vocals that can be heard. I appreciate that it isn't always the best quality but it's the best I can do!)
Dave and Palaeo After Dark's James explore the Carboniferous forests in the 'Carboniferous Forest Simulator'! This fantastic software is free for educational, museum or personal use. We really need to get our full support behind this project! The programme, in its ‘alpha testing’ stage can be downloaded here: 🤍 Details of the development of the project can be found here: 🤍
I replace the stopper to something that hopefully won’t leak atmosphere as quickly. I also turn it into a lamp. Original video setting up the terrarium: 🤍 Help me make videos by donating here: 🤍 Follow me on Facebook: 🤍 SubReddit: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍
If only my computer was as good at rendering videos without crashing as Carboniferous plants were at oxygenating the Earth's atmosphere, this video might have been out like a month ago. Actually it took the plants like 50 million years so maybe not. Sources: 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 and a bunch of Wikipedia articles.
I'm creating a new series called When and Where in the world is Cam. This is where I go to areas where rocks are exposed and talk about the geology and paleontology around. This was kind of a rough episode on a section of the Pottsville Formation.
Join Scottish Geology Trust Secretary, Dr Katie Strang, to learn all about Scotland's Carboniferous fossils! The rocks of the Midland Valley were deposited over 300 million years ago when Scotland was situated at low latitudes near to the equator, resulting in a hot and humid climate. Some areas were covered by shallow tropical seas full of diverse marine life, whilst other parts were covered by vast, dense rainforests that eventually went on to form the abundant coal seams which drove our industrial revolution. This talk will explore the different types of organisms that inhabited Scotland during this period; from predatory freshwater fish and their coprolites, to giant sea 'scorpions' roaming the shores, to bustling coral reefs full of invertebrates, to perfectly preserved delicate plants. Come and learn more about Scotland's rich palaeontological heritage and how we can use these fossils to discover more about our past, and how studying them can help us plan for our future!
"There wasn't a single sound. It was like nature had been cursed." I couldn't bring myself to cut anything of this segment down because it's all so terrific to me. The most impressive part of the movie for sure. 1:00 Carboniferous plantlife (Calamites and Lepidodendron?) 3:33 Centipede 4:07 Meganeura 5:14 Carboniferous amphibians (Diplovertebron? Ophiderpeton? Eryops?) Footage is from Karel Zeman's 'Cesta do pravěku' (1955), also known as 'Journey to the Beginning of Time'. Apologies for the strange subtitle placement, I don't know why it's like that or how to correct it.
For the first episode of The Backpacker's Guide To Prehistory season two, host David Mountain travels back to the Carboniferous period, 359-299 million years ago. In this weird world of giant horsetails and monster arthropods, what creatures should you look out for? What clothes should you pack? And is it really such a good idea to light a campfire? Providing the answers are two Carboniferous experts: Dr Bill DiMichele, Curator of Palaeobotany at the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (🤍 and Dr Russell Garwood, a palaeontologist at the University of Manchester (🤍 🤍 Massive thanks to Bill and Russell for sharing their travel advice. If you're interested in the plants and animals of the Carboniferous - and I know you are - then make sure to check out their research! Follow the podcast on Twitter 🤍prehistoryguide. Find out more at prehistoryguide.co.uk. Sound effects from Zapsplat.com.
Travel beyond the age of rememberance and into the depths of mysterious past... Enter the times of Devonian and Carboniferous. "Botania" is a track from my new album "Primal Earth", an atmospheric, paleoambiental voyage into the distant Paleozoic-Mesozoic era. Full album available at: Bandcamp: 🤍 iTunes: 🤍 GooglePlay: 🤍 Amazon: 🤍 Full discography: 🤍 🤍 Official Paleowolf T-Shirts, Hoodies & other wear: 🤍 Facebook page: 🤍 Soundcloud profile: 🤍 1 Hour Stone Age Prehistoric Meditation ambient: 🤍 1 Hour Ice Ages ambient: 🤍 1 Hour Paleozoic & Mesozoic ambient: 🤍 1 Hour Ancestral Shamanic Tribal ambient: 🤍
"DAMN YOU TRAYAURUS!" ► Next: 🤍 ► Previous: 🤍 SUBSCRIBE! 🤍 ► Mod Showcases Playlist: 🤍 Dan from The Diamond Minecart demonstrates the Carboniferous Mod which takes you all the way to prehistoric times. This new Dimension provides new mobs, items, dungeons and VOLCANOES! Will me and my great assistant, Dr. Trayaurus make it through? Get the Carboniferous Mod: 🤍 Enjoy & remember to like, favourite and subscribe to support me! Find Me! Twitter: 🤍DiamondMinecart Facebook: 🤍 Skydaz: 🤍 Easy Mod Installers! Credits All titles and images created by TheDiamondMinecart Title song: Super Street Fighter Remix - AntoineLavenant - 🤍 Quiet Tune: Deliberate Thought - Kevin Macleod - 🤍